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    How Indigenous Cultures Changed After Colonization

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    Indigenous Peoples are the oldest living cultures in the world. They represent 300-500 hundred million people live today in over 72 countries around the world. Tthey also encompass as many as 5,000 distinct cultures. Their way of life, identity, and existence is threatened due to continued effects of colonization, which began during the exploration of Europeans in the 1400s. Many times indigenous people are forced to assimilate into the cultures of those who invade them.

    Around the world, Indigenous Peoples make-up the major categories of the poor and disadvantage. According to World Council of Churches, "In most indigenous communities people live in poverty without clean water and necessary infrastructure, lacking adequate health care, education, employment and housing. Many indigenous communities still suffer the effects of dispossession, forced removals from homelands and families, inter-generational trauma and racism, the effects of which are manifested in social welfare issues such as alcohol and drug problems, violence and social breakdown. Basic health outcomes dramatize the disparity in well-being between Indigenous Peoples and European descendants." (WCC Executive Committee, 2012)

    (WCC Executive Committee. (2012, Feburary 17). Statement on the doctrine of discovery and its enduring impact on indigenous peoples. Retrieved from http://www.oikoumene.org/en/resources/documents/executive-committee/bossey-february-2012/statement-on-the-doctrine-of-discovery-and-its-enduring-impact-on-indigenous-peoples.html.)

    Write 100 words within the Discussion Board responding to the following questions. Create a substantive and clear post expression your research, thoughts, and ideas:
    Choose a specific group of indigenous people and briefly describe their culture prior to the arrival of the Europeans and how their culture changed after contact with Europeans.

    Please be sure to include academic sources to support your information.

    Do any of the student's statements make you reconsider your position? If so, which ones made you change your mind?
    If not, what additional points can you make to directly refute your peer's statements?
    What did you learn from your classmate's posting?
    What clarification do you need regarding the posting?

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    Solution Preview

    The solution below should get you started. As I see it, just like in the last 2 problems you posted - this is a forum/discussion board task. This means you are being asked to reflect on a topic with limited word count. Thus, you must be concise and to the point. You are already given the ideas that you must include here, but you have to also cite your sources should you derive information elsewhere. I suggest using this simple outline:

    1. Indigenous group - who are they (50 words)
    2. Their culture change (focus on key elements, 50 words)

    1. Classmate a - reflection on position, impact and lesson (100 words)
    2. Classmate b - same as above but focus on clarification (100 words)

    The problem here is that you have not indicated the posts and positions of your classmates. I can however think of some general posts and answers that my students had on this topic. Based on those, I have created a scenario below in which you can learn how to react within the bounds of the task.

    Indigenous Group and Syncretism

    In 1971, an indigenous tribe was found living in stone age conditions in the deep forests of the island of Mindanao in the Philippines. They called themselves 'Tasaday', a people still living in the traditions of prehistoric Philippines, prior to the cultural changes and technologies brought about by Spanish colonialization and eventual march of the Philippines into the modern age (Smith, 2013). Their oral history did not indicate knowledge of the world outside the depths of their forest dwelling. Their language, according to Reid (1992) indicates an isolated development, so that they "were as isolated as they claim, that they were indeed unfamiliar with agriculture, that their language was a different dialect from that spoken by the closest neighboring group." As a tribe, their social system is ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution discusses how Indigenous cultures changes after colonization.