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    I need help crafting a paper: Compare and contrast on how the United States is different from China.

    © BrainMass Inc. brainmass.com March 4, 2021, 8:10 pm ad1c9bdddf

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    Interesting paper topic! One approach to help you with an assignment like this one is to provide a tentative outline of dimensions to consider, and then look at potential information for each section, which you can draw on for your final copy.

    It should be fairly easy to move to the next step of writing your draft and final copy. Two sources that come to mind are the World Factbook and Geert Hofstede's Cultural Analysis websites that offer valuable information on many different dimensions that can easily be used to compare and contrast different countries on these various factors, which this response will be drawn from.

    One place to start is to decide what dimensions you want to compare the two countries on. Usually this is done in the form of an outline. Then it is only a matter of locating information to fill in the outline, and writing a draft copy, followed by the final edited paper. Perhaps you could compare the two countries on demographics (size, population, etc), type of government, religion, etc.

    Your tentative outline might look something to the effect:

    I. Introduction (Introduce topic: include thesis ot purpose statement: The purpose of this paper is to...)
    II. Comparing United States and China
    a. Geography
    b. People
    c. Government
    d. Economy
    e. Communications
    f. Military
    g. Transnational Issues
    h. Cultural Analysis: Geert Hofstede
    III. Conclusion

    Briefly, China and United States cover about the same area in size, with the United States being a bit larger. However, China has more people than United States. United States is the world's third-largest country by size (after Russia and Canada) and by population after China and India. United State's economy is better than China (who have a few rich and many very poor people). The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $43,500 (compared to China: GDP - per capita of $7,800 (2006 est.)). The government types are also different. United States is a democratic country, whereas China is communist.

    Now, let's look at information to expand on the above paragraph and to fill in the above sections of the outline. The following information, although lengthy, has infromation for each section in the outline. It is only a matter of cutting and pasting the information you want to use for each section and then write your final copy.



    Transnational Issues


    Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65) and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world's most powerful nation state. The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html#Intro).

    The population of the United States is 300 million people of mixed races and heritage (compared to China's population: 1,321,851,888 (July 2007 est.)). Although the population is predominantly of European descent, the country has been a welcoming beacon to immigrants from virtually every country and culture in the world. English is the predominant language, although languages from many foreign countries are spoken within cultural enclaves throughout the U.S. The majority of American's (U.S.) are Christian. The United States of America consists of 50 states governed on a federal level, as well as a state level. Laws are written at both levels, and when doing business in the United States one must make sure to meet the requirements mandated by these laws. The country is very litigious so legal resources are available and specialists can be found to assist with any transaction. The culture and geographic location of an area will influence how business is done. Traditionally, the East Coast is more conservative and formal in their dress and manners than the West Coast. That is not to say a West Coast meeting carries any less importance. The climate and lifestyle are just more relaxed, which is reflected in the pace and informality (http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/us.htm).

    You might only use a small portion of the information below, but Ileft i as it is.


    Location: North America, bordering both the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Pacific Ocean, between Canada and Mexico

    Geographic coordinates: 38 00 N, 97 00 W

    Area: total: 9,826,630 sq km
    land: 9,161,923 sq km
    water: 664,707 sq km
    note: includes only the 50 states and District of Columbia

    Area - comparative: about half the size of Russia; about three-tenths the size of Africa; about half the size of South America (or slightly larger than Brazil); slightly larger than China; more than twice the size of the European Union

    Land boundaries: total: 12,034 km
    border countries: Canada 8,893 km (including 2,477 km with Alaska), Mexico 3,141 km
    note: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba is leased by the US and is part of Cuba; the base boundary is 28 km

    Climate: mostly temperate, but tropical in Hawaii and Florida, arctic in Alaska, semiarid in the great plains west of the Mississippi River, and arid in the Great Basin of the southwest; low winter temperatures in the northwest are ameliorated occasionally in January and February by warm chinook winds from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains

    Terrain: vast central plain, mountains in west, hills and low mountains in east; rugged mountains and broad river valleys in Alaska; rugged, volcanic topography in Hawaii

    Elevation extremes:lowest point: Death Valley -86 m
    highest point: Mount McKinley 6,194 m

    Natural resources: coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber

    Natural hazards: tsunamis, volcanoes, and earthquake activity around Pacific Basin; hurricanes along the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coasts; tornadoes in the midwest and southeast; mud slides in California; forest fires in the west; flooding; permafrost in northern Alaska, a major impediment to development

    Environment - current issues: air pollution resulting in acid rain in both the US and Canada; the US is the largest single emitter of carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels; water pollution from runoff of pesticides and fertilizers; limited natural fresh water resources in much of the western part of the country require careful management; desertification

    Environment - international agreements: party to: Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Seals, Antarctic Treaty, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Hazardous Wastes

    Geography - world's third-largest country by size (after Russia and Canada) and by population (after China and India); Mt. McKinley is highest point in North America and Death Valley the lowest point on the continent


    Population: 301,139,947 (July 2007 est.)

    Age structure: 0-14 years: 20.2% (male 31,152,050/female 29,777,438)
    15-64 years: 67.2% (male 100,995,752/female 101,365,035)
    65 years and over: 12.6% (male 15,858,477/female 21,991,195) (2007 est.)

    Median age: total: 36.6 years
    male: 35.3 years
    female: 37.9 years (2007 est.)

    Population growth rate: 0.894% (2007 est.)

    Birth rate: Rank Order 14.16 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

    Death rate: 8.26 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

    Net migration rate:3.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

    Sex ratio:at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
    under 15 years: 1.046 male(s)/female
    15-64 years: 0.996 male(s)/female
    65 years and over: 0.721 male(s)/female
    total population: 0.967 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

    Infant mortality rate:
    total: 6.37 deaths/1,000 live births
    male: 7.02 deaths/1,000 live births
    female: 5.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2007 est.)

    Life expectancy at birth:
    total population: 78 years
    male: 75.15 years
    female: 80.97 years (2007 est.)

    Total fertility rate: 2.09 children born/woman (2007 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
    0.6% (2003 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
    950,000 (2003 est.)
    HIV/AIDS - deaths:
    17,011 (2005 est.)
    noun: American(s)
    adjective: American

    Ethnic groups:
    white 81.7%, black 12.9%, Asian 4.2%, Amerindian and Alaska native 1%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2% (2003 est.)
    note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean a person of Latin American descent (including persons of Cuban, Mexican, or Puerto Rican origin) living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.)

    Protestant 52%, Roman Catholic 24%, Mormon 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 1%, other 10%, none 10% (2002 est.)

    English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo-European 3.8%, Asian and Pacific island 2.7%, other 0.7% (2000 census)
    note: Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii

    definition: age 15 and over can read and write
    total population: 99%
    male: 99%
    female: 99% (2003 est.)


    Country name:
    conventional long form: United States of America
    conventional short form: United States
    abbreviation: US or USA

    Government type:
    Constitution-based federal republic; strong democratic tradition

    Capital: name: Washington, DC

    geographic coordinates: 38 53 N, 77 02 W
    time difference: UTC-5 (during Standard Time)
    daylight saving time: +1hr, begins second Sunday in March; ends first Sunday in November
    note: the US is divided into six time zones

    Administrative divisions:
    50 states and 1 district*; Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia*, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

    Dependent areas:
    American Samoa, Baker Island, Guam, Howland Island, Jarvis Island, Johnston Atoll, Kingman Reef, Midway Islands, Navassa Island, Northern Mariana Islands, Palmyra Atoll, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Wake Island
    note: from 18 July 1947 until 1 October 1994, the US administered the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands; it entered into a political relationship with all four political units: the Northern Mariana Islands is a commonwealth in political union with the US (effective 3 November 1986); the Republic of the Marshall Islands signed a Compact of Free Association with the US (effective 21 October 1986); the Federated States of Micronesia signed a Compact of Free Association with the US (effective 3 November 1986); Palau concluded a Compact of Free Association with the US (effective 1 October 1994)

    4 July 1776 (from Great Britain)

    National holiday:
    Independence Day, 4 July (1776)

    17 September 1787, effective 4 March 1789

    Legal system:
    federal court system based on English common law; each state has its own unique legal system, of which all but one (Louisiana, which is still influenced by the Napoleonic Code) is based on English common law; judicial review of legislative acts; has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction

    18 years of age; universal

    Executive branch:
    chief of state: President George W. BUSH (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government
    head of government: President George W. BUSH (since 20 January 2001); Vice President Richard B. CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)

    cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the president with Senate approval
    elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by a college of representatives who are elected directly from each state; president and vice president serve four-year terms (eligible for a second term); election last held 2 November 2004 (next to be held on 4 November 2008)
    election results: George W. BUSH reelected president; percent of popular vote - George W. BUSH 50.9%, John KERRY 48.1%, other 1.0%

    Legislative branch:
    bicameral Congress consists of the Senate (100 seats, 2 members are elected from each state by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third are elected every two years) and the House of Representatives (435 seats; members are directly elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms)
    elections: Senate - last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008); House of Representatives - last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008)
    election results: Senate - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 49, Republican Party 49, independent 2; House of Representatives - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 233, Republican Party 202

    Judicial branch:
    Supreme Court (nine justices; nominated by the president and confirmed with the advice and consent of the Senate; appointed to serve for life); United States Courts of Appeal; United States District Courts; State and County Courts

    Political parties and leaders:
    Democratic Party [Howard DEAN]; Green Party; Libertarian Party [William (Bill) REDPATH]; Republican Party [Robert M. (Mike) DUNCAN]

    Political pressure groups and leaders:

    International organization participation:
    AfDB, ANZUS, APEC, Arctic Council, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner), Australia Group, BIS, BSEC (observer), CBSS (observer), CE (observer), CERN (observer), CP, EAPC, EBRD, FAO, G-5, G-7, G-8, G-10, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, MINUSTAH, NAFTA, NATO, NEA, NSG, OAS, OECD, OPCW, OSCE, Paris Club, PCA, PIF (partner), SAARC (observer), SECI (observer), SPC, UN, UN Security Council, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIL, UNMOVIC, UNOMIG, UNRWA, UNTSO, UPU, WCL, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, ZC

    Flag description:
    13 equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars arranged in nine offset horizontal rows of six stars (top and bottom) alternating with rows of five stars; the 50 stars represent the 50 states, the 13 stripes represent the 13 original colonies; known as Old Glory; the design and colors have been the basis for a number of other flags, including Chile, Liberia, Malaysia, and Puerto Rico


    Economy - overview

    The US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world, with a per capita GDP of $43,500 (compared to China: GDP - per capita of $7,800 (2006 est.)). In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions, and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services ...

    Solution Summary

    This solution provides assistance and information on comparing United States with China on several dimensions, country geography, economy, culture, government, population, etc.