Discoveries made possible by the telescope and microscope.

I need some help with the following paper:

Identify two significant discoveries that were made possible by the invention of the telescope, and two significant discoveries that were made possible by the invention of the microscope. These discoveries should be such that human well being has been advanced and human understanding of nature has been significantly enhanced.
Include a short description of each discovery, including dates and principal discoverers.
Descibe how each discovery has challenged traditions and changed society for the good. Does the discovery continue to affect present-day populations?

The paper should be from 1750 - 2100 words.

Solution Summary

This is a lengthy evaluation of the technologies of the microscope and telescope. Their invention and impact on society are examined. How have they increased human wellbeing and advanced human understanding? How have traditions been challenged and society been changed for the better?

Over 1,700 words of original text along with documented sources.