Long-term care facilities provide a variety of services which help meet the medical and non-medical needs of people with a chronic illness or disability who are unable to care for themselves for long periods of time. Long-term care facilities may also be known as nursing homes, personal care facilities and residential continuing care facilities. Life expectancy is increasing in most countries, therefore more people are living longer and requiring care in long-term care facilities.
The facilities offer living accommodation so people can receive on-site delivery of 24/7 supervised care. This includes personal care such as assisting with normal daily tasks like dressing, bathing and using the bathroom and professional health services which requires the expertise of health care practitioners to address the multiple chronic conditions associated with elderly people. Meals, laundry and housekeeping services are also typically provided.
The funding of long-term care facilities varies per province, state and country. It may be entirely funded by the government, individual health insurance, families, or a combination of them all.
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