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    Formal organizational theory in healthcare

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    *What are the advantages of "general supervision"?
    *Discuss the dimensions of authority possessed by attending physicians and surgeons.
    *In most cases, organizations adjusted their structures as part of the process of implementing a new strategy. Why might this practice not be advisable?
    *Formal organizational theory is based on several major principles. Describe four of these principles.
    *How is an internship program different from an externship program?
    *What are the primary reasons for the growth of outsourcing among healthcare organizations?

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    The following describes the formal organization theory and the parameters you needed to understand. Hope this helps.
    Thank you for using BrainMass.

    A formal organization theory described organizations that work along a pyramidal shaped hierarchy with a culture build on authority. They have a vertical ordering of superior-subordinate relationships in a defined chain of command. The best example of this is the military model where the chain of command goes from higher-level officials to the lower-level officials inside the organization. Every formal organization has a purpose established by its mission statement, goals and objectives(O'Connor,2008). This goal oriented organization has a structure that establishes task and job descriptions independent of specific personal attributes of individuals occupying the roles (Rollag, 2000). By using this system it regulates behaviors.

    Within this structure environment, there is a unit of command where there is only one immediate superior that coordinates the activities of his or her subordinates as an effective unidirectional level of command(O'Connor,2008). The formal organization not only establishes job descriptions and task but describes those positions in relation to its structure. With organizational charts and work flow diagrams it streamlines the efficiency of the working place creating functional specialization (Rollag, 2000). An example of such formal organizational theory can be the hospitals.

    Within these functional groups are the nurses, attending physicians, surgeons and most of the professional groups that co-exist in clan cultures. The authority of the attending physicians and surgeons is given by the clan ...

    Solution Summary

    The solution involves the discussion of the formal organization theory in a hospital setting, advantages of general supervision, the role of functional groups like nurses and physicians, definitions of internship and externship, and reasons for outsourcing in health care organizations.