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Stereotypes and Fallacies

I have a discussion question that states considering the fallacies discussed in "An Introduction to Logic". I need to construct three different arguments that display distinct fallacies. Give an explanation of why each makes a mistake in drawing the conclusion it does. Can you give me any thoughts or input?


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As your text says Mary, "The ad hominem fallacy comes from the Latin term for "to the person": that is, the conclusion is to be accepted or rejected because of the person (and the characteristics of that person) involved, rather than the actual argument, or reason(s), supporting the conclusion." They give a number of examples, but the most developed one was, "We are probably familiar with this fallacy from grade school; if you object to someone's behavior, he or she might respond that your behavior is no better. This reply, of course, does not respond to your objection; rather, the claim seems to be that you can't object because you have your own share of problems. If ...