1. (Stoichiometry/Heats of Reactions)
a. How many kilojoules of heat energy are released when a 63.4-g sample of magnesium metal is completely converted to magnesium oxide according to the equation below?
b. How many grams of oxygen gas are used up during an enthalpy change of -292 kJ?
2 Mg(s) + O2(g) -> 2 MgO(s) delta H = -1204 kJ
2. (Measuring Heats of Reactions)
A 0.500-g sample of CaC2 is added to a coffee cup calorimeter containing 75.0 mL of water at 25.0°C. What is the final temperature of the mixture when the reaction shown below goes to completion? The solution has a density of 1.00 g/mL and a specific heat of 4.184 J/g?°C.
CaC2(s) + 2 H2O(l) -> Ca(OH)2(s) + C2H2(g) delta H = -127.2 kJ
3. (Stnd Enthalpies of Formation) Complete the following calculations:
a. Calculate the standard enthalpy change for the reaction shown below using standard enthalpies of formation.
H2O2(l) + COCl2(g) -> H2O(l) + CO2(g) + Cl2(g) delta H° = ?
b. Calculate the standard enthalpy of formation for B2H6(g) using standard enthalpies of formation and the reaction below.
B2H6(g) + 3 O2(g) -> B2O3(s) + 3 H2O(l) delta H° = -2147.5 kJ
This solution contains step-by-step stoichiometry calculations using the heat equation and enthalpy change. All steps are shown for further understanding.