Illustrate the relationship between a pressure of a gas above a liquid and the solubility of the gas in the liquid. Determine the concentration of CO2 in a carbonated beverage bottled under 4.0 atm of CO2. (a) If the mole fraction of CO2 in the air is 0.00355, how many times more concentrated is the CO2 in the unopened bottle than it is in a glass of the beverage that has gone completely flat? (b) Use the kinetic-molecular theory of gases to explain why the solubility of a gas is proportional to its pressure over the liquid.
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The solution demonstrates how to explain Henry's Law using the kinetic theory of gases.