Financial Accounting (Williams, Haka, Bettner, Meigs)

Solution to select discussion questions on chapters 1-5 from the text "Financial Accounting" by Williams, Haka, Bettner, and Meigs.

These are the actual questions from the text, the answers can be found in the actual attachment.

Chapter 1, Question 2: Accounting is sometimes described as the language of business. What is meant by this description?

Chapter 1, Question 8: What do we mean when we say that an accounting system needs to be cost-effective?

Chapter 2, Question 1: In broad general terms, what is the purpose of accounting?

Chapter 2, Question 7: Explain briefly why each of the following groups might be interested in the financial statements of a business:

Chapter 3, Question 3: At the beginning of the year, the Office Equipment account of Gulf Coast Airlines had a debit balance of $126,900. During the year, debit entries of $23,400 and credit entries of $38,200 were posted to the account. What was the balance of this account at the end of the year? (Indicate debit or credit balance.)

Office Equipment
Debit l Credit
$ 126,900
$ 23,400
$38,200

$ 112,100

The balance at the end of the year is $112,100 (debit balance)

Chapter 3, Question 13: What is the meaning of the term expenses? Does the payment of cash by a business indicate that an expense has been incurred? Explain.

Chapter 4, Question 3: Do adjusting entries affect income statement accounts, balance sheet accounts, or both? Explain.

Chapter 4, Question 5: Why does the purchase of a one-year insurance policy four months ago give rise to insurance expense in the current month?

Chapter 5, Question 3: Some people think that a company's retained earnings represent cash reserved for the payment of dividends. Are they correct? Explain.

Chapter 5, Question 15: How does depreciation expense differ from other operating expenses?