Important information about Auditing

1. Research has shown that the relationship between eye contact and deception
a. is nonexistent
b. is positive in that eye contact increases as the level of deception rises
c. is negative in that eye contact decreases as the level of deception increases
d. depends on the interviewer-interviewee relationship
e. none of the above

2. Evidence has demonstrated that people engaging in cognitively complex tasks
a. make more movements such as fewer illustrators, self-manipulations, and other subtle hand movements
b. make fewer movements such as fewer illustrators, self-manipulations, and other subtle hand movements
c. make the same amount of movements with regard to illustrators, self-manipulations, and other subtle hand movements
d. none of the above

3. Increased cognitive load can result in
a. decreased speech disturbances and shorter pauses before giving an answer
b. decreased speech disturbances and longer pauses before giving an answer
c. increased speech disturbances and shorter pauses before giving an answer
d. increased speech disturbances and longer pauses before giving an answer
e. none of the above

4. The motivational impairment effect refers to the fact that
a. the lower the stakes for a lie, the less the probability that liars will try to control their behavior
b. the higher the motivation to succeed in the lie, the greater the likelihood that liars will attempt to control their behavior
c. the higher the stakes for a lie, the higher the probability that liars will try to control their behavior
d. the lower the motivation to succeed in the lie, the lower the likelihood that liars will attempt to control their behavior
e. none of the above

5. People believe that deception is
a. associated with an increase in movements and actually is associated with the same
b. associated with an increase in movements and actually is related to a decrease in movements
c. associated with a decrease in movements and actually is related to a decrease in movements
d. associated with a decrease in movements and actually is related to an increase in movements
e. none of the above

6. The attempted control framework assumes that deceivers
a. are relaxed and predicts nervous behavior during deception
b. are relaxed and try to control their body language to avoid giving off possible nonverbal cues to deception
c. are tense and liars try to control their body language to avoid giving off possible nonverbal cues to deception
d. are tense and predicts nervous behavior during deception
e. none of the above

7. The cognitive load framework emphasizes that
a. deception is a cognitively complex task and it is cognitively easier to fabricate a plausible and convincing lie consistent with everything the observer knows
b. deception is a cognitively easy task and it is cognitively easier to fabricate a plausible and convincing lie consistent with everything the observer knows
c. deception is a cognitively easy task and it is cognitively more difficult to fabricate a plausible and convincing lie consistent with everything the observer knows
d. deception is a cognitively complex task and it is cognitively more difficult to fabricate a plausible and convincing lie consistent with everything the observer knows
e. none of the above

8. The results one experiment we read about showed that
a. deceivers did not know how their own deceptive behavior appears
b. deceivers believed that they increased their movements during deception whereas a decrease in movements occurred
c. a and b
d. none of the above
e. deceivers did know how their own deceptive behavior appears

9. The expert interviewer achieves more success in interviews by
a. instilling fear and intimidation in the interviewee
b. creating a comfortable environment by showing cordiality and respect for the interviewee
c. being willing to explain the process and purpose of the interview and seeking the interviewee's commitment to full disclosure
d. b and c
e. none of the above

10. Experts agree that if when asked a question the hands gesture away from the body
a. the answer is probably false
b. the answer may be either false or true
c. the answer is probably true
d. the interviewee is uncertain of the correct answer
e. none of the above

11. An interviewer can infer from the subject's posture the following:
a. the willingness to deceive, the level of confidence and emotional involvement
b. the level of emotional involvement, interest and confidence and willingness to cooperate
c. level of interest and confidence and willingness to cooperate
d. the willingness to deceive and the level of emotional involvement
e. none of the above

12. Professionals seem to perform poorly in detecting lies via examining nonverbal behavior because
a. they do not pay sufficient attention to facial expressions and hand movements of interviewees
b. they do not know where to look and have false beliefs about which behaviors might be clues to deception
c. they do not pay sufficient attention to facial expressions and have false beliefs about which behaviors might be clues to deception
d. they do not know where to look and do not pay sufficient attention to facial expressions

13. The core of reality monitoring is that memories of real experiences
a. are obtained vicariously through others and are likely to contain visual details of sound, smell, taste, or physical sensations
b. are obtained through perceptual processes and are not likely to contain the input of other observers
c. are obtained through perceptual processes and are likely to contain perceptual information, contextual information, and affective information
d. contain contextual and affective information
e. none of the above

14. Detecting deceit by paying attention to nonverbal behavior in real life settings is
a. a three-stage process which consists of signs of emotion, guilt, and explanations for these signs should be given, where deceit is only one possible explanation
b. a two-stage process which consists of guilt and explanations for these signs should be given, where deceit is only one possible explanation
c. a two-stage process which consists of signs of emotion and explanations for these signs should be given, where deceit is only one possible explanation
d. none of the above

Solution Summary

This explanation provides you a comprehensive argument relating to auditing