Question about Return on Investment and Residual Income

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Portia Carter is the president of a company that owns six multiplex movie theaters. Carter has delegated decision-making authority to the theater managers for all decisions except those relating to capital expenditures and film selection. The theater managers' compensation depends on the profitability of their theaters. Max Burgman, the manager of the Park Theater, had the following master budget and actual results for the month.

Master Actual
Budget Results
Tickets sold 120,000 480,000
Revenue--tickets $ 840,000 $ 880,000
Revenue--concessions 480,000 330,000
Total revenue $1,320,000 $1,210,000
Controllable variable costs
Concessions 120,000 99,000
Direct labor 420,000 330,000
Variable overhead 540,000 550,000
Contribution margin $ 240,000 $ 231,000
Controllable fixed costs
Rent 55,000 55,000
Other administrative expenses 45,000 50,000
Theater operating income $ 140,000 $ 126,000

1. Assuming that the theaters are profit centers, prepare a performance report for the Park Theater using the chart below. Include a flexible budget. Determine the variances between actual results, the flexible budget, and the master budget. (25 points)

Actual Flexible Master
Results Variance Budget Variance Budget
Tickets sold 110,000 ( ) 120,000
Revenue--tickets $ 880,000 ( ) ( ) $ 840,000
Revenue--concessions 330,000 ( ) ( ) 480,000
Total revenue $1,210,000 ( ) $1,320,000
Controllable variable costs
Concessions 99,000 ( ) ( ) 120,000
Direct labor 330,000 ( ) ( ) 420,000
Variable overhead 550,000 ( ) ( ) 540,000
Contribution margin $ 231,000 ( ) ( ) $ 240,000
Controllable fixed costs
Rent 55,000 55,000
Other administrative expenses 50,000 ( ) 45,000
Theater operating income $ 126,000 ( ) ( ) $ 140,000

2. Evaluate Burgman's performance as a manager. (25 points)

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The solution explains how to calculate the Return on Investment and Residual Income