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A Discussion On Microbiology Terms

Define the following:
a) antimicrobial chemotherapy
b) antimicrobials
c) synthetic drugs
d) semisynthetic drug
e) narrow spectrum
f)broad spectrum

Solution Preview

a) antimicrobial chemotherapy - is defined as simply "the use of chemicals to inhibit or kill microbes in or on the host." (1) The word chemotherapy mean using chemical to treat. The word antimicrobial means using an agent against a microbe. So if you combine the two words, it means using an agent to inhibit or kill microbes. The antimicrobial chemotherapy agents are more selectively effective against eukaryotic microbes. There are two types of antimicrobial agents: antibiotics, which produce substances of one microbes to inhibit other microbes and antimicrobial, which are made in the laboratory and used on microbes.

b) antimicrobials - something that acts to inhibit, slow the growth , or kill the spread of ...

Solution Summary

The word chemotherapy mean using chemical to treat. The word antimicrobial means using an agent against a microbe. So if you combine the two words, it means using an agent to inhibit or kill microbes. The antimicrobial chemotherapy agents are more selectively effective against eukaryotic microbes. There are two types of antimicrobial agents: antibiotics, which produce substances of one microbes to inhibit other microbes and antimicrobial, which are made in the laboratory and used on microbes.

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